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Knowledge and Awareness in Case of Risk, Emergency or Disaster

Because of all the doomsday controverse lately surrounding 2012, this is posted just for your knowledge, its always better to be safe than sorry at any time, To care is to share :)

The following info comes from FEMA, Red Cross and NASA Headquarters and informs you about what to do in case of risk, emergency or disaster.



FEMA Prepareness

Prepare for Hazards

In an Emergency | Link
U.S. Department of Agriculture's food and water safety tips before, during and after an emergency

Find out how to keep food safe during and after an emergency, such as a flood, fire, national disaster, or the loss of power.

Keeping Food Safe During an Emergency (USDA)
The basics on ensuring food safety during a flood, fire, national disaster, or the loss of power.

Emergency Preparedness (USDA)
Provides materials, including videos and podcasts, on ensuring food safety during emergencies.

Food and Water Safety During Hurricanes, Power Outages, and Floods (FDA)
Proper safety precautions to keep food and water safe.

Food Safety for Consumers Returning Home After a Hurricane and/or Flooding (FDA)
How to deal with food, water, and food preparation areas after flooding.

Hurricanes and Floods - Key Tips for Consumers About Food and Water Safety (FDA)
What to do when flooding occurs.

Power Outages - Key Tips for Consumers About Food Safety (FDA)
What to do when the power goes out and when it is restored.

Keep Food and Water Safe After a Disaster or Emergency (CDC)
Includes tips for making water safe to drink and storing food.

Food, Water, Sanitation, and Hygiene Information for Use Before and After a Disaster or Emergency (CDC)

Chart: Refrigerated Food and Power Outages:
When to Save and When to Throw Out
Is food in the refrigerator safe during a power outage? Use this chart to find out.

Chart: Frozen Food and Power Outages:
When to Save and When to Throw Out
Is thawed or partially thawed food in the freezer safe to eat? Use this chart as a guide.

Safe Zones:
1.   Move 150+ miles from the coasts.
2.   Move at least 600 feet above sea level.
3.   Move away from volcanoes and super volcanoes (like Yellowstone in northwestern USA).
4.   Move away from earthquake /seismic/avalanche/fault zones (like the New Madrid Fault Zone in central USA).
5.   Move away from dams that could break.
6.   Move away from nuclear power plants that could become compromised.
7.   Move away from high elevations where radiation levels will be highest.
8.   Move away from large populated areas where food riots could escalate into chaos and mayhem.
9. Make sure you have a prepareness plan and a disaster Supplies Kit ready.

RED CROSS Prepareness  
Survival Tips

Disaster Assistance - How Does it Work?
The First of many links on Survial Preparedness The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), National Center for Environmental Health (NCEH) has issued several on-line "Prevention Guides"
Disaster Mental Health Handouts *new*
The following disaster handouts are categorized into material for Adult Victims, Families & Child Victims, and Disaster Workers & their Families. READ MORE
Knowledge and Preparation "Knowledge and preparation" are the keys to survival in the event of a catastrophe, from an annoying power outage to TEOTWAWKI (The End Of The World As We Know It). Do you want to be prepared? Or do you want to be surprised? Make disaster preparations at home. Survivalism is a state of mind. The Red Cross offers tips and information about natural disasters. Red Cross Preparedness Check List

Disasters happen anytime and anywhere. And when disaster strikes, you may not have much time to respond. A highway spill or hazardous material could mean evacuation. A winter storm could confine your family at home. An earthquake, flood, tornado, or any other disaster could cut water, electricity, and telephones-for days. After a disaster, local officials and relief workers will be on the scene, but they cannot reach everyone immediately. You could get help in hours, or it may take days. Would your family be prepared to cope with the emergency until help arrives? Your family will cope best by preparing for disaster before it strikes. One way to prepare is by assembling a Disaster Supplies Kit. Once disaster hits, you won't have time to shop or search for supplies. But if you've gathered supplies in advance, your family can endure an evacuation or home confinement.

Prepare Your Kit

Review the checklist below. Gather the supplies that are listed. You may need them if your family is confined at home. Place the supplies you'd most likely need for an evacuation in an easy-to-carry container. These supplies are listed with an asterisk (*). There are six basics you should stock for your home: water, food, first aid supplies, clothing and bedding, tools and emergency supplies, and special items. Keep the items that you would most likely need during an evacuation in an easy-to carry container--suggested items are marked with an asterisk(*). Possible Containers Include-
  • A large, covered trash container,
  • A camping backpack,
  • A duffle bag.

Store water in plastic containers such as soft drink bottles. Avoid using containers that will decompose or break, such as milk cartons or glass bottles. A normally active person needs to drink at least two quarts of water each day. Hot environments and intense physical activity can double that amount. Children, nursing mothers, and ill people will need more. Store one gallon of water per person per day. Keep at least a three-day supply of water per person (two quarts for drinking, two quarts for each person in your household for food preparation/sanitation).*


Store at least a three-day supply of non-perishable food. Select foods that require no refrigeration, preparation or cooking, and little or no water. If you must heat food, pack a can of sterno. Select food items that are compact and lightweight. *Include a selection of the following foods in your Disaster Supplies Kit: Ready-to-eat canned meats, fruits, and vegetables Canned juices Staples (salt, sugar, pepper, spices, etc.) High energy foods Vitamins Food for infants Comfort/stress foods

First Aid Kit

Assemble a first aid kit for your home and one for each car. A first aid kit* should include:
  • Sterile adhesive bandages in assorted sizes
  • Assorted sizes of safety pins
  • Cleansing agent/soap
  • Latex gloves (2 pairs)
  • Sunscreen
  • 2-inch sterile gauze pads (4-6)
  • 4-inch sterile gauze pads (4-6)
  • Triangular bandages (3)
  • Non-prescription drugs
  • 2-inch sterile roller bandages (3 rolls)
  • 3-inch sterile roller bandages (3 rolls)
  • Scissors
  • Tweezers
  • Needle
  • Moistened towelettes
  • Antiseptic
  • Thermometer
  • Tongue blades (2)
  • Tube of petroleum jelly or other lubricant
Non-Prescription Drugs Aspirin or nonaspirin pain reliever Anti-diarrhea medication Antacid (for stomach upset) Syrup of Ipecac (use to induce vomiting if advised by the Poison Control Center ) Laxative Activated charcoal (use if advised by the Poison Control Center)

Tools and Supplies
  • Mess kits, or paper cups, plates, and plastic utensils*
  • Emergency preparedness manual*
  • Battery-operated radio and extra batteries*
  • Flashlight and extra batteries*
  • Cash or traveler's checks, change*
  • Non-electric can opener, utility knife*
  • Fire extinguisher: small canister ABC type
  • Tube tent
  • Pliers
  • Tape
  • Compass
  • Matches in a waterproof container
  • Aluminum foil
  • Plastic storage containers
  • Signal flare
  • Paper, pencil
  • Needles, thread
  • Medicine dropper
  • Shut-off wrench, to turn off household gas and water
  • Whistle
  • Plastic sheeting
  • Map of the area (for locating shelters)
  • Toilet paper, towelettes*
  • Soap, liquid detergent*
  • Feminine supplies*
  • Personal hygiene items*
  • Plastic garbage bags, ties (for personal sanitation uses)
  • Plastic bucket with tight lid
  • Disinfectant
  • Household chlorine bleach
Clothing and Bedding
  • *Include at least one complete change of clothing and footwear per person.
  • Sturdy shoes or work boots*
  • Rain gear*
  • Blankets or sleeping bags*
  • Hat and gloves
  • Thermal underwear
  • Sunglasses
Special Items Remember family members with special requirements, such as infants and elderly or disabled persons

For Baby*
  • Formula
  • Diapers
  • Bottles
  • Powdered milk
  • Medications
For Adults *
  • Heart and high blood pressure medication
  • Insulin
  • Prescription drugs
  • Denture needs
  • Contact lenses and supplies
  • Extra eye glasses
Entertainment Games and books

Important Family Documents

Keep these records in a waterproof, portable container:
  • Will, insurance policies, contracts deeds, stocks and bonds
  • Passports, social security cards, immunization records
  • Bank account numbers
  • Credit card account numbers and companies
Inventory of valuable household goods, important telephone numbers Family records (birth, marriage, death certificates) Store your kit in a convenient place known to all family members. Keep a smaller version of the Disaster Supplies Kit in the trunk of your car. Keep items in airtight plastic bags. Change your stored water supply every six months so it stays fresh. Replace your stored food every six months. Re-think your kit and family needs at least once a year. Replace batteries, update clothes, etc. Ask your physician or pharmacist about storing prescription medications. General Disaster Preparedness Materials for Children "Disaster Preparedness Coloring Book" (ARC 2200, English, or ARC 2200S, Spanish) for children ages 3-10. "Adventures of the Disaster Dudes" (ARC 5024) video and Presenter's Guide for use by an adult with children in grades 4-6. To get copies of American Red Cross Community Disaster Education materials, contact your local Red Cross chapter. This brochure is also available in other languages from the Red Cross Website . The translations were provided by the Humanitarian Resources Insititute.
Vietnamese From "Disaster Supplies Kit." developed by the Federal Emergency Management Agency and the American Red Cross.

NASA Headquarters Emergency Operations - Family/Personal Preparedness
Family/Personal Preparedness

    The NASA Family/Personal Preparedness Program is designed to provide awareness, resources, and tools to the NASA Family (civil servants and contractors) to prepare for an emergency situation. The most important assets in the successful completion of NASA’s mission are our employees’ and their families. We are taking the steps to prepare our workforce, but it is your personal obligation to prepare yourself and your families for emergencies.

    Listen to Administrator Bolden’s thoughts on why it’s important that we “know our stuff” and “be prepared”.
    Administrator, Charles F. Bolden, Jr. Video


    A short video on preparing a family safety plan for local and national emergencies.


Useful Links

    This website provides information and tools for creating an emergency supply kit, developing a family disaster plan, and staying informed.

    The Ready Campaign educates individuals on the importance of preparing for an emergency. Please click here to see videos on personal/family preparedness.

    FEMA has created this guide for direct dissemination to the general public and is based on the most reliable hazard awareness and emergency education information available at the time of publication, including advances in scientific knowledge, more accurate technical language, and the latest physical research on what happens in disasters.

    Alert DC
    Alert DC, a community alert system, provides rapid text notification when an incident or emergency occurs Alert DC is available to citizens of the District of Columbia as well as individuals traveling to or working in the District. Sign up for an account to receive alerts and emergency notifications.

    NASA Family Assistance Fund
    The NASA Family Assistance Fund has been the mechanism for the NASA community to provide financial support to fellow co-workers. They have been able to provide assistance to fellow employees following hurricanes and personal tragedies that have happened on the job. The Fund has also been used to support NASA employees who have extenuating circumstances that require financial assistance and support.

    NASA Employee Assistance Program
    The Employee Assistance Program (EAP) is a resource that offers free, confidential evaluation, short-term counseling, education, and referral services to Headquarters civil service employees and their families. Professional counselors assist employees and their families with problems that can adversely affect work and personal life. Often, employees find it useful to talk to a counselor who can provide objective feedback and a different perspective. EAP services are provided by Federal Occupational Health (FOH), using licensed and certified staff.

    Pandemic Preparedness
    The NASA Headquarters (HQ) Facilities and Administrative Services Division (FASD) has developed a Pandemic Preparedness website, utilizing the applicable federal guidance, to provide the NASA Headquarters community with a resource for your individual pandemic preparedness.


What NASA has to say about 2012

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Useful links
How to communicate during a disaster
LifeNet is free open source software, which enables consumer-devices like laptops, android phones and battery-powered routers to instantly form an ad hoc WiFi network without any infrastructure like towers / base stations. It is ideal for providing connectivity in areas where communication infrastructure is destroyed or does not exist.
Make an Emergency Plan